• According to old legends, has the power to guard its wearer from evil thoughts.
  • Name comes from Latin citrus meaning citron, a fruit related to lemon, lime, and orange.
  • Birthstone for November and gem for the 13th wedding anniversary.



  • Color: Light yellow to dark orange (sometimes brownish). Most expensive is rich deep “Madeira” orange.
  • Clarity: Often almost inclusion free.
  • Cut: Faceted in many shapes and styles. Also cabochons, carvings, fantasy cuts and beads.
  • Carat Weight: Normally available in a very wide size range (up to 50 carats or more). One of the world’s biggest transparent faceted gems is a citrine that weighs 19,548 carats – or about 8.5 pounds.



  • Almost all citrine is produced by heat-treating pale amethyst. The process duplicates natural heating that can occur in the Earth.  The effects are normally permanent, and the treatment creates no special care requirement.



  • A variety of quartz, the most abundant mineral species in the Earth’s crust.
  • Composed almost entirely of silicon and oxygen: chemical formula SiO2.
  • Sometimes confused with – or misrepresented as – topaz because of color similarity.  Terms such as “citrine topaz” and “topaz quartz” and misnomers.



Citrine generally has good wearablility.

  • Hardness: Moderate scratch resistance. Rates 7 on the Mohs Hardness Scale.
  • Toughness: Good resistance to chipping and breaking.
  • Stability: No routine concerns for gem owners.
  • Cleaning: Liquid cleaner, or detergent and water. Ultrasonic is usually safe.